Simplest Manifest - Single Image File

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Use Case

The simplest viable manifest for image content. If all you have for an object is one image on the web and a label to go along with it, this pattern turns it into a IIIF Presentation resource. If you would like to enable deep zooming, you will need to use a IIIF Image server. For this, see the Support Deep Viewing with Basic Use of a IIIF Image Service recipe.

Implementation Notes

This illustrates the mandatory structure and properties of a manifest, with the simplest possible content.

The JSON-LD opens with the @context declaration, which identifies the terms used in the document as belonging to the IIIF specification. The id property identifies this manifest with the URL at which it is available online. The type property must be Manifest. The label property is mandatory, and the language of its value must be given (or the special value none), using a language map. Here the language of the label is English and its value is “Single Image Example”. The manifest’s items property is a list of canvases. In this example there is only one canvas, with a height of 1800 and a width of 1200. These units have no dimension: they establish a coordinate space that in this case the single image will fill. The canvas’s id property is used later as the target of the annotation that links to the single image.

The items property of the Canvas is a list of annotation pages, in this case there is only one page. The items property of the annotation page is a list of annotations, in this case there is only one annotation. This annotation is what links the image resource with the canvas. The body of the annotation is an image, the url of which is the id property of the body. The dimensions of the image, in pixels, are given and here match the canvas dimensions exactly. The target property tells us that the image is associated with the entirety of the canvas, and the motivation property of painting tells us that a client should render the image to fill the canvas.


This recipe is not for large images or deep zoom functionality. For this, see the Support Deep Viewing with Basic Use of a IIIF Image Service recipe.


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