Wonders to Vehold: Evolving 2D/3D Interoperability in Museums and Collections

Ronald Haynes - University of Cambridge (UK)

Presentation type: Presentation


The IIIF 3D Community includes examples of key projects which present 2D images and 3D models together using web-based viewers, increasingly using a mainstay file format, and aim to establish even greater interoperability in mixed 2D and 3D environments. Working with libraries and museums in Cambridge, Harvard, Oxford, and Yale, and the MorphoSource and Universal Viewer developers, these 2D and what seem to be emerging 3D standards will guide a proposed joint project to bring together Charles Darwin's writings and instruments with a reuniting of his separated botanical, geological and zoological samples. This project will incorporate the Veholder.org (Virtual Environment for Holdings and Online Digital Educational Repositories) community AR initiative, designed for enhanced museum exhibitions enabled by collaborative use of Augmented Reality, complementing physical with relevant virtual objects from interconnected collections.


  • Interoperability in IIIF contexts,
  • IIIF communities (3D, archives, museums, manuscripts, newspapers, etc.)


  • Augmented Reality,
  • Museums,
  • Virtual collections,
  • Blended collections,
  • 3D images,
  • IIIF,
  • WebXR